About Rwanda: Rwanda is small mountainous country on the highest African Plateau about the size of Wales. Located in Central Africa, the land locked country in the heart of the continent covers only 26,338 sq km (10,169 sq miles). The country is dominated by a central plateau made up of steep mountains and deep valleys and is therefore why it is referred to as the “Land of thousand hills”. The average elevation of the plateau is about 1.700 m.
The capital City of this small Country is Kigali, and is located in the centre of the country. The country is separated from the Democratic Republic of Congo by Lake Kivu and the Rusizi River valley to the west; it is bounded on the north by Uganda, to the east by Tanzania, and to the south by Burundi. The country is divided by great peaks of up to 3000m (9842ft), which run across the country from north to south. The Virunga volcanoes, rising steeply from Lake Kivu in the west, slope down first to a hilly central plateau and further eastwards to an area of marshy lakes around the upper reaches of the Akagera River, where the Akagera National Park is situated.
Rwanda National Parks:
Akagera is, above all, big game country! Herds of elephant and buffalo emerge from the woodland to drink at the lakes, while lucky visitors might stumble across a spotted hyena or even a stray lion. Giraffe and zebra amble through the savannah, and more than a dozen types of antelope inhabit the park, most commonly the handsome chestnut-coated impala
Nyungwe is the source of Africa’s great rivers. Rain that falls on the east side feeds the Nile and on the west runs to the Congo. The Congo-Nile Divide is a mountain range that runs north to south through Rwanda. Recently, Nyungwe opened a canopy walk, the only one of its kind in East Africa.
An exhilarating trek through the cultivated foothills of the Virunga offers stirring views in all directions. Then, abruptly, the trail enters the Volcanoes national park, This is 160km² national park and it protects the Rwandan sector of the Virunga Mountains, range of six extinct and three active volcanoes which straddles the borders with Uganda and the DRC.